In the United States, the term “preschool” includes all forms of care for children under six years of age (age at which compulsory schooling begins). There are many different hospitality programs.
There are several types of pre-schools, including non-profit cooperative schools, parish schools, community schools, private schools, and Montessori schools. Cooperative schools are often the least expensive because parents volunteer as teachers’ assistants. Parish schools are attached to religious centers and can provide religious education (children do not have to have the same religion). Private schools are the most expensive and maybe in the form of small schools or large buildings.
Several private nursery schools use Montessori pedagogy, set up by Dr. Maria Montessori at the beginning of the 20th century. This pedagogy is more like a philosophy of life than a teaching method and is based on the idea that every child is an individual with unique needs, interests and growth patterns. Some Montessori schools or pre-schools (kindergarten between 2 and a half years and 6 years), and elementary classes (6 to 12 years).
Teaching methods in pre-school
In many areas, classes are offered to children between 6 months and 3 years old. These courses combine theory and practice of playgroups and daycares. We often hear the term “toddler program” or “tot program”, which is for children between 2 and 4 years. The activities offered are varied: they can be manual work, music, educational games, psychomotor activities, and listening exercises. In many communities, you will also find learning centers and informal community schools, playgroups, morning programs in YWCA associations, and other low-cost alternatives to private schools. Community colleges also offer several classes for children, such as painting, dancing, and cooking, once or twice a week, such as Saturday mornings.
- Many children between the ages of 2 and 6 go to a private nursery school, and some private elementary schools have programs for toddlers. For these institutions, fees can range from $ 5,000 to $ 15,000 per year for full-time hosting, depending on the school and region. Schedules vary, but children are often there from 9h to 11h30, or 12h45 to 15h15, or both. Some schools even allow you to choose the number of mornings or afternoons, which reduces the costs. Many reception centers are suitable for parents who work and associate kindergarten with extracurricular time: some centers are open from 6:30 to 18h.
Level of education of pre-schools
The pre-school education programs are very close to home and parents and are intended to introduce children to the social environment of the school and to focus on their coordination. Often, activities include an introduction to the alphabet and numbers so that children who enter large sections or primary school at five or six years of age without having been in pre-school are not at a disadvantage.
Research in several countries (including the United States) has shown that pre-school children often progress faster than others. In the United States, there are far fewer children (about 60%) who go to kindergarten compared to Japan and several European countries (eg 95% in Belgium and France). In some areas, like New York, there are few nursery schools and you have to put your child on the waiting list as soon as possible, sometimes even before getting pregnant!
It is important to notice that educational toys play a big role in average United States homes. The tools are also essential in being used by school institutions. These pedagogic materials enhance the organizational skills, STEM development and entertainment in the children’s preschool education.
In the above statistics of people who are covered in preschool education, if any case the left 40% who could not enter preschool education, they should find other means such as daycare centers to integrate their children while still keeping buying the educational materials at home.
Early education(preschool education) is an essential stage we can’t underestimate. It builds children’s self-confidence present on the time the children are associated with peers in the primary schools. It builds up the communication skills for children and consistently become a foundation to future education journey. Through play and spontaneous activity, the child expresses himself, experiments, builds his knowledge, structures his thought and develops his vision of the world. He learns to be himself, to interact with others and to solve problems. He also develops his imagination and creativity. Spontaneous activity and play are the means that the child prefers to appropriate reality; It is, therefore, justified that these activities have a special place in kindergarten and that space and time are organized accordingly.