Intellectual or cognitive development refers to the acquisition of knowledge, the ability to think creatively, to be attentive, to understand and solve problems, to memorize information, and to exercise judgment.
At this age :
- He is able to respond to instructions such as “get your coat and hat” or “bring me a spoon and fork please”;
- he often asks questions using the words “who”, “what” and “where”;
- he makes more comments than before (for example, “ah! a beautiful dog!”) and he speaks while he is playing;
- he participates in the stories that are told to him;
- Remember that not all children develop at the same rate in all areas. The information on this website is intended to be general. If you are concerned about your child’s development, it is best to see your doctor.
- he converses with adults and other children, and most of the time he makes himself understood;
- he often combines at least three words (for example, “papa runs fast”);
- he uses more and more “little words” like “a”, “the”, “me”, “to”.
At this age :
- he can compare the size of different objects using words like “bigger”, “smaller” or “very small”;
- he lives fully in the imagination, which leads him to want to transport into reality what goes through his head. For example, he claims he is a dinosaur;
- he associates similar images and objects, and he sorts of different objects;
- he likes to observe the elements around him and draw inspiration from them to invent movements, for example crawling like a snake or tiptoeing, etc.
Over the next few months, it will begin to:
answer some more complex questions, like “what are you eating with?” “Or” why are you crying? “; gain a better understanding of the story plot; use and understand certain words designating numbers and colors; make complete sentences; pronounce words better.
How to help him progress?
Each child is different and develops at their own pace. But you can help foster the development of your little one by practicing the Comfort, Play, and Teach parenting approach. This approach has been designed to easily integrate into your daily routine. Adapted to the age of your child, the table below gives you examples of small gestures beneficial to his intellectual development.
- When you take the time to talk to her and ask her about the things that interest her, =>your child talks about what he is doing and what is going on in his mind because he knows you are interested in him.
- When you sing songs and nursery rhymes with numbers like “A Green Mouse” to her, =>your child learns numbers and starts counting while having fun.
- When you do the laundry, and take the opportunity to describe and sort the clothes of your family members, => your child learns to attribute things to people; he says “mine” before 2 years, but “mom”, “dad”, etc., a little later between 2 and a half and 3 years. He feels reassured to do the same thing regularly and to spend time with you, and he likes to touch the things of the people he loves.
- When you ask him open questions, like “what did you see on your walk?” “, =>your child practices using words to describe things.
- When you teach him what “the first”, “the second” and “the third” mean in a simple game, asking, for example, “Who is the first? Who comes second? “, => your child gradually understands that numbers are used in various ways.
- When you give him simple puzzles consisting of 3 to 6 pieces, => your child learns to assemble objects with more and more confidence. Get more ideas about what you can give to your children to learn to build things.
When you introduce him to some basic abstract concepts that relate to time, colors, and size, your child gradually understands them and becomes able to discuss them.
When you talk to them about the time that goes by while you do your daily chores (for example, at lunch and at bedtime),
your child gradually understands that the events occur in a certain order.
When you invent a game where he has to sort objects according to their color, shape, and size, your child gradually learns to sort and group different objects.